The article you have selected has been published in the issue 287 of November 2018

La communication au service des acteurs des projets de tramways

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  • Trams: a changing and expanding concept

    Trams had pride of place in town centres, cutting through the middle of their streets before cars came on the scene. But technical progress and electrification could not prevent them from falling out of favour and being replaced by bus and metro systems, both of which are partly derived from trams. Less than a century later, trams were, however, to make a comeback in a new, improved and highly salutary guise. The word “tram” therefore conjures up different images from one era to another. Trams today are largely seen as a typical example of “soft” modes of transport, in particular in France, where they are considered a vital feature in urban renewal, and crucial to ensuring continued city access and attractiveness. The part that follows highlights the role played by the Greater Paris region (Île-de-France) as a setting for these major new developments.

  • Le tramway dans le Grand Paris : un ancêtre voué à un bel avenir

  • Ile-de-France : un des terrains d'excellence du "tram à la française"

  • Témoignage RATP DEV

  • Les tramways d'Ile-de-France : un modèle qui fait référence dans le monde

  • Trams in the Greater Paris region and their context

    In the Greater Paris region, trams owe their development to local politicians, backed by Île-de-France Mobilités, determined to find efficient ways of meeting mobility needs, and to the technical solutions promoted by the major protagonists, not least RATP. The advantage of trams is that they can be a major driving force in town and country planning, helping to shape urban development or renewal schemes. The 8 tram lines described in this issue all date from after 1990 and their creation was facilitated by the flexibility, individual and collective, of the various contracting authorities.

  • Le tramway dans la politique de mobilité urbaine en Ile-de-France

  • Les différentes lignes de tramway en exploitation

  • Le système de transport tramway à la loupe

  • Le tramway plébiscité pour son accessibilité

  • Tram projects and their various components

    Like many other public transport projects involving a combination of infrastructure and rolling stock, tram systems require input from a variety of engineering specialities, if maximum reliability and performance are to be achieved. In Greater Paris, new tram systems also have to overcome a number of other constraints: they have to blend with the existing urban fabric, itself partly reshaped to cater to the new arrival, and cope with the other urban networks already in place (roads, overhead structures, drainage systems, etc.). The technical challenges are enormous (for example, as seen below, with regard to bridges and tunnels or adaptations to the urban environment). Taken together, the solutions developed add up to a series of exportable top-notch technical skills.

  • Matériel roulant : quand le tramway s'offre une renaissance

  • Ponts et ouvrages d'art : un enjeu majeur pour la réussite du T7

  • L'insertion urbaine des ateliers de tramway en Ile-de-France

  • Les projets tramway, producteurs de sens dans une histoire urbaine

  • Specific tram-related skills

    Successful tram projects are contingent on the forward planning skills of the legacy contracting authority. The professional skills deployed in producing traffic forecasts, planning operations and making due allowance for the safety factor are illustrated by means of examples taken from the various tram lines already in service. Emphasis is also placed on the need to ensure that all local protagonists are fully aware of the nature and importance of new tram line projects in order to obtain their full endorsement and support.

  • Les études et la modélisation du trafic du tramway

  • Les défis de l'exploitation des tramways en Ile-de-France

  • La sécurité des tramways. Etat de la réglementation et applications pratiques

  • Les gestionnaires de voirie et la sécurité des transports guidés (cas de l'Ile-de-France)

  • La communication au service des acteurs des projets de tramways